Original Article

The effects of rinsing red beet root (beta vulgaris L.) juice on streptococcus sp. dental plaque

Dyah Setyorini , Yani C. Rahayu, Tita Sistyaningrum

Dyah Setyorini
Departement of Pediatric, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Jember Jember, Indonesia. Email: drg.dyahsetyorini@yahoo.com

Yani C. Rahayu
Department of Oral Biology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Jember Jember, Indonesia

Tita Sistyaningrum
Faculty of Dentistry, University of Jember Jember, Indonesia
Online First: April 01, 2017 | Cite this Article
Setyorini, D., Rahayu, Y., Sistyaningrum, T. 2017. The effects of rinsing red beet root (beta vulgaris L.) juice on streptococcus sp. dental plaque. Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Science 2(1): 18-22. DOI:10.15562/jdmfs.v2i1.460


Objective : The early attachment process of plaque formation is dominated by Streptococcus sp. Chemical antiplaque agent can optimize plaque control.

Material and Methods : Materials of antiplaque have side effects, so it is necessary to do research of alternative antiplaque materials. One of them use red beet root because contain some antibacterial substance. The aim of this study was examine the effectiveness of rinsing red beetroot juice to Streptococcus sp. on dental plaque.

Results : This study was a quasi-experimental research with the post test only control group design. Subjects were 27 students from Faculty of Dentistry, University of Jember who fulfilled the criteria, have been scalled, and given the knowledge of how to rinse. The subjects were divided into three groups, and instructed to rinse for 30 seconds using chlorhexidine gluconate 0.2%, distilled water, and red beet root juice. Plaque were taken at the buccal maxillary first molar. Plaque were diluted and planted on streptococcus media for 24 hours, the number of colonies counted using colony counter. Analysis of One-Way ANOVA have significance 0.000, means decreased the number of Streptococcus sp.

Conclusion : Rinsing red beet root juice was effective to decrease the number of Streptococcus sp. on dental plaque.

References

Nield-Gehring JS, Willman DE. Foundation of periodontics for the dental hygienist. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health; 2011.

Newman MG, Takei HH, Klokkevold PR, et al. Carranza's clinical periodontology. 11th ed. China: Saunders Elsevier; 2012.

Natamiharja L, Dewi O. Perbandingan penurunan indeks plak sebelum dan sesudah menyikat gigi antara kelompok sikat gigi dengan bulu sikat gigi lurus dan zig zag di 3 sekolah dasar. Journal of Dentistry University of Indonesia 1998;5: 109-116.

Loe H. Oral hygiene in the prevention of caries and periodontal disease. IDJ 2000;50: 129-139.

Merveryano J, Rahmatin, Bahar E. Perbandingan efektivitas obat kumur yang mengandung chlorhexidine dengan povidone iodine terhadap streptococcus mutans. Jurnal Kesehatan Andalas 2015;4: 168-171.

Asadoorian J. Oral rinsing. CJDH 2006;40: 168-183.

Hepse HU, Bjerland T, Skoglund LA. Side Effect of 0.2% Versus 0.1% Chlorhexidine used as Post-operative Prophylactic mouthwash. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 1988;17: 17-20.

Yashwant K. Beetroot: A Super Food. IJESTA 2015;1: 20-26.

Kezi J, JH Sumathy. Betalain-a boon to the food industry. Discov 2014;20: 51-58.

Canadanovic-Brunet JM, Savatovic SS, Cetkovic GS, et al. Antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of beet root pomace extracts. Czech J Food Sci 2011;29: 575-585.

Leonor SP, Laura SM, Esther IC, et al. Stimulated saliva flow rate patterns in children: A six-year longitudinal study. Arch Oral Biol 2009;54: 970-975.

Balagopal S, Arjunkumar R. Chlorhexidine: the gold standard antiplaque agent. J Pharm Sci Res [internet]. 2013 [cited 2017 Jan 01];5(12):270-4. Available from: http://pharmainfo.in/jpsr/Documents/Volumes/vol5issue12/jpsr05121306.pdf.

Eley BM. Antibacterial agents in the control of supragingival plaque: a review. Br Dent J 1999;186: 286-296.

Lestari IK, Nazip K, Estuningsih S. Test of effectiveness of antibacterial of Ethanol extract of Loranthus of Tea (Scurullaatro purpurea BL Danser) on the growth of enterobacter sakazakii. International conference on Food, Biological and Medical Sciences (FBMS-2014). Jan 2014 [cited 2017 Jan 04]: (pp. 28-29). Avaiable from: http://iicbe.org/upload/5140C0114552.pdf

Rijayanti RP. Uji aktivitas antibakteri ekstrak etanol daun mangga bacang (Mangifera Foetida L.) terhadap Staphylococcus aureus secara in vitro. Jurnal Mahasiswa PSPD FK Universitas Tanjungpura 2014;1.


No Supplementary Material available for this article.
Article Views      : 210
PDF Downloads : 128