Original Article

The prevalence of Temporomandibular DisorderJoint (TMD) and its severity among YARSI University Employees

Helwiah Umniyati

Helwiah Umniyati
Department of Preventive and Public Health Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, University of YARSI, Central Jakarta, Indonesia. Email: helwiah@gmail.com
Online First: August 01, 2020 | Cite this Article
Umniyati, H. 2020. The prevalence of Temporomandibular DisorderJoint (TMD) and its severity among YARSI University Employees. Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Science 5(2): 82-85. DOI:10.15562/jdmfs.v5i2.1074


Objective:This study described the prevalence of Temporomandibular Disorder Joint (TMD) he prevalence of TMD and its severity among YARSI University employees.

Material and Methods: It was a cross sectional analytical study based on Fonseca’s Questionnaire.

Results: The sample consisted of 225 participants, 118 of them were men (52.4%) and 107 of them were women (47.6%), with an average age of 37.99 ± 12.05 years old. Almost all of the samples (92%) informed that they did not have a difficulty in mouth opening and moving the jaw to the sides (92%), 84% reported no clenching teeth and 80% reported no articulation disorders. While 34.8% of respondents reported muscular pain during mastication and 38.7% reported suffering from frequent headaches occasionally. Temporomandibular Joints (TMJ) clicking was reported among 13.3% of participants and only a very small number of samples (4.9%) reported pain in the temporomandibular joint.

Conclusion: The prevalence of TMD was quite high i.e 50.7%. In term of severity, most of subjects had mild TMD’s (86.8%). The sociodemographic factors that significantly associated with severity of TMD were education and work status.

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