Original Article

The prevalence of Temporomandibular DisorderJoint (TMD) and its severity among YARSI University Employees

Helwiah Umniyati

Helwiah Umniyati
Department of Preventive and Public Health Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, University of YARSI, Central Jakarta, Indonesia. Email: helwiah@gmail.com
Online First: August 01, 2020 | Cite this Article
Umniyati, H. 2020. The prevalence of Temporomandibular DisorderJoint (TMD) and its severity among YARSI University Employees. Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Science 5(2): 82-85. DOI:10.15562/jdmfs.v5i2.1074

Objective:This study described the prevalence of Temporomandibular Disorder Joint (TMD) he prevalence of TMD and its severity among YARSI University employees.

Material and Methods: It was a cross sectional analytical study based on Fonseca’s Questionnaire.

Results: The sample consisted of 225 participants, 118 of them were men (52.4%) and 107 of them were women (47.6%), with an average age of 37.99 ± 12.05 years old. Almost all of the samples (92%) informed that they did not have a difficulty in mouth opening and moving the jaw to the sides (92%), 84% reported no clenching teeth and 80% reported no articulation disorders. While 34.8% of respondents reported muscular pain during mastication and 38.7% reported suffering from frequent headaches occasionally. Temporomandibular Joints (TMJ) clicking was reported among 13.3% of participants and only a very small number of samples (4.9%) reported pain in the temporomandibular joint.

Conclusion: The prevalence of TMD was quite high i.e 50.7%. In term of severity, most of subjects had mild TMD’s (86.8%). The sociodemographic factors that significantly associated with severity of TMD were education and work status.


Bonjardim LR, Lopes-Filho RJ, Amado G, et al. Association

between symptoms of temporomandibular disorders and

gender, morphological occlusion and psychological

factors in a group of university students. Indian J Dent

Res 2009;20: 190-194.

Feteih RM. Signs and symptoms of temporomandibular

disorders and oral parafunctions in urban Saudi arabian

adolescents: a research report. Head & Face Medicine

;2: 25.

Goncalves DA, Dal Fabbro AL, Campos JA, et al. Symptoms

of temporomandibular disorders in the population: an

epidemiological study. J Orofac Pain 2010;24: 270-278.

Macfarlane TV, Gray RJ, Kincey J, et al. Factors associated

with the temporomandibular disorder, Pain Dysfunction

Syndrome (PDS): Manchester case-control study. Oral Dis

;7: 321-330.

Murphy MK, MacBarb RF, Wong ME, et al.

Temporomandibular joint disorders: a review of etiology,

clinical management, and tissue engineering strategies.

The Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2013;28: 393-414.

Nomura K, Vitti M, Oliveira AS, et al. Use of the Fonseca’s

questionnaire to assess the prevalence and severity of temporomandibular disorders in Brazilian dental undergraduates. Braz Dent J 2007;18: 163-167.

Roda R, Bagán J, Fernández J, et al. Review of temporomandibular joint pathology. Part I: classification,

epidemiology and risk factors. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir

Bucal 2007;12: 292-298.

Karthik R, Hafila MIF, Saravanan C, et al. Assessing

prevalence of temporomandibular disorders among

university students: a questionnaire study. JISPCD 2017;7:


Niazi QFA, KHAN M, Rehman AU. Frequency and severity

of temporomandibular disorders amongst dental students

of Khyber College of Dentistry. Pak Oral Dental J

;37: 403-406.

Campos JADB, Carrascosa AC, Bonafé SFS, et al. Severity

of temporomandibular disorders in women: validity and

reliability of the Fonseca Anamnestic Index. Braz Oral Res

(Sao Paulo) 2014;28: 16-21.

Wahid A, Mian FI, Razzaq A, et al. Prevalence and

Severity of Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD)

in Undergraduate Medical Students using Fonseca’s

Questionnaire. Pak Oral Dental J 2014;34: 1.

Pedroni CR, De Oliveira AS, Guaratini MI. Prevalence

study of signs and symptoms of temporomandibular

disorders in university students. J Oral Rehabil

;30: 283-289.

Kassab M, Bakry A, Salim WS. The incidence of temporomandibular joint disorders among dental students in

Aljouf University, KSA. IIJMMS 2015;2: 5-11.

Bevilaqua-Grossi D, Chaves TC, de Oliveira AS, et al.

Anamnestic index severity and signs and symptoms of

TMD. Cranio 2006;24: 2.

Campos JADB, Carrascosa AC, Bonafé FSS, et al.

Epidemiology of severity of temporomandibular disorders

in Brazilian women. J Oral Facial Pain H 2014;28: 147-152.

Mude AH, Irsal I. Management of myofascial pain: a

systematic review. J Dentomaxillofac Sci 2020;5: 1-7.

No Supplementary Material available for this article.
Article Views      : 34
PDF Downloads : 20

Related Articles

Search Authors in

  • Helwiah Umniyati

  • Helwiah Umniyati

  • Helwiah Umniyati