Original Article

Potential number of tooth losses in clicking, popping and crepitation of Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) in elderly

Elfrida M. Agustina, Zahreni Hamzah , Zainul Cholid

Elfrida M. Agustina
Department of Biomedical Physiology Laboratory, Faculty of Dentistry/Universitas Jember, Jember, Indonesia

Zahreni Hamzah
Department of Biomedical Physiology Laboratory, Faculty of Dentistry/Universitas Jember, Jember, Indonesia. Email: zahreni.fkg@unej.ac.id

Zainul Cholid
Department of Oral Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry/Universitas Jember, Jember, Indonesia
Online First: December 01, 2020 | Cite this Article
Agustina, E., Hamzah, Z., Cholid, Z. 2020. Potential number of tooth losses in clicking, popping and crepitation of Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) in elderly. Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Science 5(3): 185-190. DOI:10.15562/jdmfs.v5i3.1078


Objective: Clicking, popping, and crepitation is the most common symptom of Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD). TMD can be caused by tooth loss, and tooth loss is widespread among the elderly. 

Material and Methods: This research is using a correlational analysis with a cross-sectional study approach. Tooth loss was divided into six regions (R1, R2, R3, R4, R5, R6) and joint sounds were divided into four categories (clicking, popping, crepitation, normal). 

Result: Multinomial logistic regression analysis test for overall tooth loss showed a p-value of 0.000 in clicking and crepitation, and for popping, it has a p-value of 0.248. The results of tests on six regions of tooth loss obtained a p-value of 0.017 at R1 for clicking sound and p-value of 0.014 at R2 for crepitation. This showed that clicking and crepitation had a significant correlation with the amount of tooth loss (p<0.05). 

Conclusion: The amount of tooth loss has a significant relationship with clicking and crepitation of Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ).

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