Original Article

The effectiveness of oral health education and toothbrush training in decreasing plaque index score among Elementary Students in Jakarta

Helwiah Umniyati , Benanziski Miegasivia, Muhamad Zakki

Helwiah Umniyati
Department of Dental of Public Health, Faculty of Dentistry, YARSI University, Jakarta, Indonesia. Email: helwiah@gmail.com

Benanziski Miegasivia
Department of Dental of Public Health, Faculty of Dentistry, YARSI University, Jakarta, Indonesia

Muhamad Zakki
Department of Dental of Public Health, Faculty of Dentistry, YARSI University, Jakarta, Indonesia
Online First: December 01, 2020 | Cite this Article
Umniyati, H., Miegasivia, B., Zakki, M. 2020. The effectiveness of oral health education and toothbrush training in decreasing plaque index score among Elementary Students in Jakarta. Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Science 5(3): 168-172. DOI:10.15562/jdmfs.v5i3.1102


Objective: to know the effectiveness of dental health education on decreasing plaque index score and increasing salivary pH among elementary school children in SD 01 Pagi Kampung Rawa, Central Jakarta. 

Material and Methods: quasi experimental study with pre and post-test design among 93 students which divided into four groups, group 1: control group, group 2: education group without tooth brushing training, group 3: education with 1 times tooth brushing training and group 4: education + 4 times tooth brushing training. The plaque index assessed by the Personal Hygiene Performance Index (PHP) method. Data analysis performed with Kruskall Wallis, Mann-Whitney, and Wilcoxon using SPSS 23. 

Results: At baseline there were no significant difference on plaque score among four groups (p>0.05). There was significant decreasing in plaque score after intervention in group 2, 3 and 4 (p< 0.005), but not in group control. When analyzing plaque score after intervention among four groups, there was no significant difference on plaque score between group 1 (control) and group 2. There was significant difference on plaque score between group 1 and group 3 or 4. There were significant difference on plaque score between group 2 and group 3 or 4. There was no significant difference on plaque score between group 3 and group 4. 

Conclusion: Dental health education with tooth brushing training is an effective way to reduce the plaque index score.

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