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Antibacterial Activity of Bangle Essential Oil (Zingiber montanum) Against Streptococcus mutans

Abstract

Introduction: Dental caries is a cavity condition that affects almost half of Indonesians. The main cause of caries is Streptococcus mutans. Objective: This research was conducted to determine the potential of essential oil from bangle rhizome (Zingiber montanum) as an antibacterial against the growth of Streptococcus mutans. Methods: Tests are carried out using the diffusion method for the wells technique. In this study, eugenol was used as a positive control. Essential oil was diluted with acetone and obtained essential oil of bangle rhizome with a concentration of 3,12%, 6,25%, 12,5%, 25%, and 50%. Results: The results showed that essential oil from bangle rhizome succeeded in inhibiting the growth of Streptococcus mutans with the minimum inhibitory concentration 3,12% and with the optimal inhibitory concentration 50%. Conclusion: It is concluded from this research that essential oil from bangle rhizome is a strong, new natural antibacterial agent for Streptococcus mutans. There was a slight difference of antibacterial effectiveness between eugenol, as positive control, and essential oil from bangle rhizome on Streptococcus mutans bacterial growth observed from their inhibition zones.
Section

References

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How to Cite

Pardosi, D. R. S., Purnamasari, C. B., Paramita, S. ., Astuti, L. A., Masyhudi, M., & Arung, E. T. (2022). Antibacterial Activity of Bangle Essential Oil (Zingiber montanum) Against Streptococcus mutans. Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Science, 7(1), 5–8. https://doi.org/10.15562/jdmfs.v7i1.1187

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Devina Ruth Sheylen Pardosi
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Cicih B. Purnamasari
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Swandari Paramita
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Lilis A. Astuti
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Masyhudi Masyhudi
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Enos T. Arung
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