Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

Comparison of maloclusion prevalence in Elementary School children with different economic levels (case study in SDN Inpres Kera-Kera and SDIT Al-Biruni Makassar)

Abstract

Objective: To determine the comparison of the prevalence of malocclusion between elementary school children with high economic level and low economic level. Material and Methods: The subjects of this study were students of Kera-Kera Inpres Elementary School and Al-Biruni Makassar SDIT. This type of research is a descriptive observational cross-sectional design by purposive sampling to 103 students. Research subjects will be given a questionnaire and then examined the oral cavity and photographs. Results: In this study subjects, the prevalence of malocclusion was higher in Al-Biruni Makassar SDIT (81.4%) compared to the Kera-Kera Inpres Elementary School (63.6%). Statistical analysis of the Mann-Whitney comparison test values obtained p = 0.072 (p> 0.05). Conclusion: There is no significant difference in prevalence between SD Inpres Kera-Kera and SDIT Al-Biruni Makassar.Conclusion: There is no significant difference in prevalence between Kera-Kera Inpres SD and Al-Biruni Makassar SDIT with a Mann-Whitney comparison test value p = 0.072 (p> 0.05).
Section

References

  1. Laguhi VA, Anindita PS, Gunawan PN. Description of maloclusion using hmar in patients at the Dental Hospital, Sam Ratulangi University, Manado. J e-Gigi 2014;2: 12. (In Indonesia)
  2. Bakri FF, Kurniawati D, Suyadi. Differences in the width of the dental arch in angle classification malocclusion at SMPN 1 Salatiga, Central Java. Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Muhammadiyah; Surakarta: 2015. p. 3. (In Indonesia)
  3. Kumar DA, Varghese RK, Chaturvedi SS, et al. Prevalence of malocclusion among children and adolescents residing in orphanages of Bilaspur, Chattishgarh, India. J Adv Oral Res 2012;3: 21-28.
  4. Akbari M, Lankarani KB, Honarvar B, et al. Prevalence of malocclusion among Iranian children: A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Dent Res. 2016;13:387–395.
  5. Wijayanti P, Krisnawati, Ismah N. Overview of malocclusion and the need for orthodontic treatment in children aged 9-11 years (Preliminary study at SD At-Taufiq, Cempaka Putih, Jakarta). J PDGI 2014;63: 25-29. (In Indonesia)
  6. Mulder BC, Marijn DB, Hanneke S, et al. Stressors and resources mediate the associationofsocio-economic position with health behavior. BMC Public Health 2011;11: 798.
  7. Newman JF, Gift HC. Regular pattern of preventive dental services - A measure of access. Soc Sci Med 1992;35: 997-1001.
  8. Sanders AE, Slade GD, Turrell G, et al. The shape of the socioeconomic-oral health gradient: Implications for the oretical explanations. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2006;34: 310-319.
  9. Normando TS, Barroso RF, Normando D. Influence of the socioeconomic status on the prevalence of malocclusion in the primary dentition. Dental Press J Orthod 2015;20: 74-78.
  10. Silva OG, Filho, Silva PRB, et al. Epidemologia da má oclusão da dentadura decídua. Ortodontia 2002;25: 22.
  11. Morón AB, Baez A, Rivera L, et al. Perfil de la oclusion Del ninõ en edad preescolar. Factores de beneficio y riesgo. Acta Odontol Venez 1997;35: 12.
  12. Ausin S, Hamid S. Status of malocclusion in 9-12-year-old
  13. children: A survey among private and public schools of islamabad. J Med Res Health Educ 2017;1: 1-6.

How to Cite

Pawinru, A. S., & Bahar, M. I. (2021). Comparison of maloclusion prevalence in Elementary School children with different economic levels (case study in SDN Inpres Kera-Kera and SDIT Al-Biruni Makassar). Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Science, 6(2), 110–113. https://doi.org/10.15562/jdmfs.v6i2.1239

HTML
196

Total
232

Share

Search Panel

Ardiansyah S. Pawinru
Google Scholar
Pubmed
JDMFS Journal


Muhammad IA. Bahar
Google Scholar
Pubmed
JDMFS Journal