A Systematic Review

Penanganan fluorosis pada gigi sulung dengan menggunakan teknik mikroabrasi

Muh. Harun Achmad

Muh. Harun Achmad
Bagian Ilmu Kedokteran Gigi Anak Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Hasanuddin. Email: harunachmad@yahoo.com
Online First: April 30, 2007 | Cite this Article
Achmad, M. 2007. Penanganan fluorosis pada gigi sulung dengan menggunakan teknik mikroabrasi. Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Science 6(1): 42-50.


Fluorosis is a pathological endemic effect of ion intake of flour which is more than 1
ppm. Enamel fluorosis is tooth enamel demineralization due to excessive flour intake
during tooth calcification period. Fluorosis is disparity of tooth which is initially marked
with a white line across the enamel surface, and at severe level can change tooth form.
Dental fluorosis is hypoplasia or hypomaturation of tooth enamel or dentine because of
chronic usage of excessive fluor at period and development of dentition. Dental fluorosis
is qualitative defect of enamel, resulted from the increase of fluor concentration at cell
microenvironment of ameloblast during development and tooth formation. Quantitative
defect of enamel can occur on severe type of dental fluorosis. Microabrasion, consist of
air abrasion and enamel microabrasion, is a method of reducing tooth structure which is
the best alternative rather than drilling method. The mechanism of air abrasion technique
is blast pressure of abrasive particles to remove tooth caries. The principle of kinetic
energy is the abrasive particles with high pressure and speed, hit the tooth, remove tooth
caries, and reduce tooth structure.

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