Original Article

Korelasi antara lebar mesiodistal gigi dengan kecembungan profil jaringan lunak wajah orang Bugis-Makassar

Susilowati Susilowati , Sulastry Sulastry

Susilowati Susilowati
Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Hasanuddin Makassar, Indonesia. Email: jdmfs.fkgunhas@gmail.com

Sulastry Sulastry
Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Hasanuddin Makassar, Indonesia
Online First: October 30, 2007 | Cite this Article
Susilowati, S., Sulastry, S. 2007. Korelasi antara lebar mesiodistal gigi dengan kecembungan profil jaringan lunak wajah orang Bugis-Makassar. Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Science 6(2): 72-77.


Malocclusion is very closely related to the disharmony of mesiodistal
tooth-width with dental arches. It is important to know the mesiodistal
tooth widths before establishing the diagnosis and planning of
orthodontic treatment. The ultimate goal of orthodontic treatment is
facial
esthetic, which is supported by a balanced soft tissue profile. The aim of
this cross sectional study was to investigate the correlation between
mesiodistal tooth widths with the convexity of soft tissue profile. The
result of the study can be used as a reference and guidance in
establishing orthodontic diagnosis and treatment planning. The number
of sample was 50 (18 males and 32 females), aged 18-27 years old.
Criteria for sample selection comprised absence of interproximal
caries/filling, no tooth deformity, aged over 17 years, never undergo
orthodontic treatment, the presence of teeth from the right first molar
through the left first molar, both upper and lower, Buginese or
Makassarese people, and Class I Angle malocclusion. Tooth size
measurements were performed on study models by using sliding
caliper. The photo of each subject was taken cephalometrically. The
angular measurement was performed on cephalogram, using Subtelny's
analysis. The soft tissue convexity degree was represented by N-SnPog.

The data was processed using SPSS program and tested by
independent t-test and correlation. It can be concluded that the mean
value of mesiodistal width on males was greater that those on females
(p<0.05), the mean of facial convexity degree on males (159.05°) was
smaller than those on females (162.77°), which was different
significantly (p<0.05), and there was a very weak correlation (r<0.25) or
almost no correlation between mesiodistal tooth-width and the degree of
soft tissue facial profile, and it was not significant statistically (p>0.05).

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