Original Article

Analisis hubungan karies gigi dan status gizi anak usia 10-11 tahun di SD Athirah, SDN 1 Bawakaraeng dan SDN 3 Bangkala

Asmawati Asmawati , Fransario A. Pasolon

Asmawati Asmawati
Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Hasanuddin Makassar, Indonesia. Email: asmaamin68@yahoo.com

Fransario A. Pasolon
Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Hasanuddin Makassar, Indonesia
Online First: October 30, 2007 | Cite this Article
Asmawati, A., Pasolon, F. 2007. Analisis hubungan karies gigi dan status gizi anak usia 10-11 tahun di SD Athirah, SDN 1 Bawakaraeng dan SDN 3 Bangkala. Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Science 6(2): 78-84.

Tooth decay is a serious problem in health of tooth and oral in
Indonesia with finite prevalence up to 90.05% mainly at school age of
children. Tooth decay can be caused by various factors, such as
microorganism, food, tooth, saliva, and time, and supported by various
other factors like race, age, gender, and genes. Children's dental caries
is frequently caused by the habit to consume food cariogenic which
does not only affect tooth but also the nutrition status of child.
The aim of this analytic observational study was to know the prevalence
of tooth decay, nutrition status, and the relation of dental caries and
nutrition status at school age child ( 0.05 . This study involved 180
samples (60 samples from SD Athirah, SDN 1 Bawakaraeng, and SDN
3 Bangkala respectively). These three elementary schools in were
selected based on their socio-economic status. SD Athirah represents
the high socio economic status, SDN 1 Bawakaraeng the middle socioeconomic

and SDN 3 Bangkala the lowest status. Dental caries
status was investigated with DMF-T index and nutrition status with BM/A
index. Data were analyzed using chi-square test. Results of the study
were as follows from the three schools, only SD Athirah shows relation
between dental caries and nutrition status with its significance value
0.009 (p<0.05). no significance relation between dental caries and
nutrition status at SDN 1 Bawakaraeng with p=0.536 (p>0.05). The
similar relation was found at SDN 3 Bangkala with p= 0.926 (p>0.05).


Amelia AA. Cegah karies, jangan nialas sikat gigi sebelum tidur malam. Available from: http://www.detik.com. Diakses: 25 Juli 2007.

Ariningrum R. Beberapa cara menjaga kebersihan gigi dan mulut. Cermin Dunia Kedokteran [journal online] 2000; 126: 45 [internet]. Available from:http://www. kalbefarma.com. Diakses: 25 Juli 2007.

Pertumbuhan gigi pada anak. Available from: http://www.infosehat.com. Diakses: 2 Oktober 2007.

Yulia. Makanan sebagai penyebab terjadinya karies. Available from: http://www.doktergigi.com/showthread.php? t=25. Diakses: 27 Juli 2007.

lis Z. 89% anak derita penyakit gigi dan mulut. Available from: http://www.departemenkesehatan.com. Diakses:2Oktober2007.

Rasinta T. Karies gigi. Jakarta:EGC; 1990. p. 1-23,33,40-53.

Edwin AMK, Sally J. Dasardasar karies. Jakarta: EGC; 1992.p.1-9.

Satriono. Hubungan gizi dengan pertumbuhan serta kesehatan gigi dan mulut. Makassar: Mated kuliah mahasiswa FKG Unhas; 2004. p. 1 9,37-8.

Dewa NS, Bachyar B, Ibnu F. Penilaian status gizi. Jakarta:EGC;2001. p. 17-8,33,56-8.

Diet and nutrition prevention of chronic disease. Available from: http://www.greenfacts.org/studies/index.htm. Diakses:28JuIi2007.

Dan P. The sugars generation anddental health. Available from:

http://www.dentalgentlecare.com/sugar_and_ dentalhealth .htm. Diakses: 30Juli 2007.

Fluoride and dental decay. Available from:http://www.allposters.com/link/redirect.asp?jd=484450.htm. Diakses: 18 Juli 2007. a

Anderson J, Brown L. Nutrition and dental health. Available from: http://www.dentalgentlecare.com/dental_nutri tion.htm. Diakses: 23Juli 2007.

Olga MS, Noel KC. Anticipatory guidance in infant oral health: rationale and recommendations. J Am Fam Phys [journal online] Jan 2000; 61: 1 [internet]. Available from: http://www.aafp.org. Diakses: 3 Agustus 2006.

Dan P. Calcium food sources. Available from: http://www.dentalgentlecare.com. Diakses: 17 Juli 2007.

Dan P. Nutrition and aging.

Available from: http://www.dentalgentlecare.com/nutrition_ and_aging.htm. Diakses: 30 Juni 2007.

Dental health. Available from: http://www.medicastore.com. Diakses: 28 Juli 2007.

Nurmala ST. Dampak karies gigi dan penyakit periodontal terhadap

kualitas hidup. Available from: http://www.library.usu.ac.id/download/e-book/Noerwida%20Situmorang.ritml. Diakses: 30 Juni 2007.

No Supplementary Material available for this article.
Article Views      : 1521
PDF Downloads : 1297