Original Article

Analisis hubungan status gigi dengan pola makan dan asupan nutrisi pada manula suku Bugis dan suku Mandar

Bahruddin Thalib

Bahruddin Thalib
Bagian Prostodonsia Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Hasanuddin Makassar, Indonesia. Email: bathalib64@yahoo.com
Online First: April 30, 2008 | Cite this Article
Thalib, B. 2008. Analisis hubungan status gigi dengan pola makan dan asupan nutrisi pada manula suku Bugis dan suku Mandar. Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Science 7(1): 26-37.


The main function of teeth is chewing, whereas its capabilities depends on amount of
teeth remains. High teeth loss in elderly can compromise this chewing function,
resulting in inadequate nutrition intake. Analytic epidemiology study of relationship
between dental status, diet pattern and nutrition intake in elderly of Buginese and
Mandarnese took 424 sample (Buginese 206; Mandarnese 216). Buginese dental
status showed higher prevalence of tooth loss 0-10 than Mandarnese (24.5%:18.1%),
as for tooth loss 11-20 and 21-27, Mandarnese dental status showed higher
prevalence than Buginese, and for total tooth loss Buginese showed higher prevalence
than mandarnese. Total mean tooth loss between Mandarnese and Buginese not so
much different, which is 20.42 to 19.58. Generally no significant diet pattern
difference found between Buginese and Mandarnese. Diet pattern consist of food
processed to meet elderly chewing capabilities. Analysis of relationship between
dental status and macro nutrient carbohydrate and protein intake showed significant
relation (p<0.05), as for lipid intake showed relation although not significant.
Analysis of relationship between dental status and micro nutrient Vitamin D, E, and C
statically showed no significant relation, Vitamin A showed no relation at all.

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