Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

Kekerasan permukaan email setelah aplikasi gel karbamid peroksida 10% dan pasta buah strawberry


he influence of strawberries as bleaching alternative material toward surfacemicrohardness of the teeth is still unknown so that a research should be conducted toquantitatively assess the effects of bleaching with 10% carbamide peroxide andblended strawberry paste on post-extracted incisive teeth by performing superficialmicrohardness analysis. Three groups of sample i.e. group 1 (control): post-extractedincisive teeth soaked in ordinary mineral water, group 2: soaked in carbamideperoxide 10% gel, and group 3: soaked in 100% strawberry paste. The microhardessof each sample group is tested before and after the application of bleaching materials.The result was there was significant difference of strawberry paste compared to CP10% gel and mineral water soaked incisive teeth. The data obtained are tabulated,then analyzed with one way Anova and LSD. It can be concluded that the applicationof carbamide peroxide 10% gel in 6 weeks doesn’t decrease the microhardness ofteeth enamel surface. However, the application of strawberry paste decreases themicrohardness of enamel surface.


  1. Rasinta T. Perawatan pulpa gigi. Seri 1. Jakarta: Widya Medika; 1994. P.198.
  2. Sundoro EH. Serba-serbi ilmu konservasi gigi. Jakarta: UI-Press; 2005. P.17.
  3. Milly AA, Taofik H. Bleaching dan direct composit veneer pada gigi anterior yang mengalami perubahan warna. Maj Ked Gigi (Dent J) 2002; 14 (2): 37-43.
  4. Asti M, Devi R. Bahan pemutih gigi dengan sertifikat ADA/ISO. Maj Ked Gigi (Dent J)2005; 38 (2):73–6. 5. Vanessa Arellano. Natural ways to brighten and whiten your teeth. 2007. Available from Accesed on August 24th, 2008.
  5. Juwita M. Perubahan warna enamel gigi setelah aplikasi pasta buah strawberrydan gel carbamid peroksida 10%. [Skripsi]. Surabaya: Universitas Airlangga; 2008. P. 10-36.
  6. Kartika AH . Erosi gigi yang disebabkan kandungan asam dalam minuman ringan dan upaya pencegahannya. 2008. Available from
  7. Accesed on August 28th, 2008.
  8. Tania A. Lama penggunaan carbamid peroksida 10% terhadap kekerasan permukaan enamel. [Skripsi]. Surabaya: Universitas Airlangga; 2006. P. 11-27
  9. Rodrigues JA, Erhardt MCG, Marchi GM, Pimenta LAF, Ambrosano GMB. Association effect of in office and night guard vital bleaching on dental enamel microhardness. Braz J Oral Sci 2003;2 (7): 365.
  10. Crispin BJ. Contemporary esthetic dentistry: Practice fundamentals. Tokyo: Quintessence Publishing Co.,Ltd.; 1994. P. 33-6.
  11. Edhie AP. Keasaman minuman ringan menurunkan kekerasan permukaan gigi. 2004. Available from
  12. id/journals. Accesed on August 28th, 2008.P.60-3.
  13. Dahl, Pallesen U. Tooth bleaching, a critical review of the biological aspects. J. Crit Rev Oral Biol Med. 2003; 14: 292-304.

How to Cite

T, P. S., Rianti, D., & Meizarini, A. (2016). Kekerasan permukaan email setelah aplikasi gel karbamid peroksida 10% dan pasta buah strawberry. Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Science, 8(2), 118–124.




Search Panel