Case Report

Stomatitis aftosa rekuren oleh karena anemia

Maharani Laillyza Apriasari , Hening Tuti

Maharani Laillyza Apriasari
Ilmu Penyakit Mulut Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Airlangga Surabaya, Indonesia. Email: rany_rakey@yahoo.com

Hening Tuti
Bagian Ilmu Penyakit Mulut Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Airlangga Surabaya, Indonesia
Online First: April 30, 2010 | Cite this Article
Apriasari, M., Tuti, H. 2010. Stomatitis aftosa rekuren oleh karena anemia. Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Science 9(1): 39-46.


Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is the common lesion in oral cavity. The etiology
of RAS remains unclear. The trigger factors are genetic, traumatic, abnormal
immunology, digestive diseases, hormonal disturbance, HIV, stress, infection and
nutrition deficiency. This is a case report of a patient with minor, multiple, pain, white
color ulcer with erythema halo on lips palatum and tongue mucous. One day before
the ulcers erupted, prodromal symptoms had occurred such as subfebris, malaise, and
dizziness. The patient was 19-year-old, male, undergraduate student and with history
of ulceration every month. The clinical diagnosis was primary herpetic
gingivostomatitis. The differential diagnosis was RAS. The complete blood count
(CBC) result indicated that the patient suffered anemia. He was provided with
benzydamin HCl gargle and oral supplement contain ferrous, vitamins, and minerals.
It can be concluded that anemia can be a trigger factor of RAS. Therefore, it is
important for the dentist to know the clinical signs and manifestations of anemia in
oral cavity in order to provide an appropriate treatment.

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