Original Article

The comparison of body mass index of elderly used and did not use full denture Perbandingan indeks massa tubuh antara manula yang menggunakan dengan yang tidak menggunakan gigitiruan penuh

Bahruddin Thalib , Ita Purnama Alwi

Bahruddin Thalib
Department of Prosthodontic Faculty of Dentistry, Hasanuddin University Makassar, Indonesia. Email: bathalib64@yahoo.com

Ita Purnama Alwi
Student Faculty of Dentistry, Hasanuddin University Makassar, Indonesia
Online First: October 30, 2011 | Cite this Article
Thalib, B., Alwi, I. 2011. The comparison of body mass index of elderly used and did not use full denture Perbandingan indeks massa tubuh antara manula yang menggunakan dengan yang tidak menggunakan gigitiruan penuh. Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Science 10(3): 140-143.


Several studies showed that tooth loss was quite high occurred in elderly, which could interfere their chewing
function, and finally affected their nutrient intake. Rehabilitation of chewing dysfunction in elderly who have lost all
their teeth can be managed by using full denture (FD). However, a FD can only improve 30-50% of chewing
function in elderly. This study was aimed to compare the nutritional status involved measured by Body Mass Index
(BMI) indicators in elderly with or without FD. This descriptive analysis study of 64 elderly, consists of 32 with FD
and other 32 who did not wear FD. The results showed that the category of elderly wearing FD were sequentially
very underweight 0%, underweight 9.4%, normal 68.8%, mild obese 3.1%, obese 12.5%, severe obese 6.2%, while
the category of elderly who did not wear FD were sequentially very underweight 9.4%, underweight 28.1%, normal
53.1%, mild obese 3.1%, moderate obese 3.1%, severe obese 3.1%. Statistical analysis showed no significant
differences (P = 0.14), but there are differences in each category which measured by BMI. This study concluded that
nutritional status of elderly using FD was better than the elderly who didn’t wear FD.

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