This paper reviewed of bruxism phenomenon that refers to the grinding or clenching of the teeth during awake ornight sleep. The prevalence of bruxism decreases with age from 14-18% in childhood, 8% of adult population and3% in the elderly. According to the existing literature, two groups of proposed etiological factors can bedistinguished: peripheral (morphological) and central (pathophysiological and psychological). At present, thebruxism is more often thought to be regulated centrally, not peripherally. Signs and symptoms of bruxism such astooth wear/dental attrition, abfractions, orofacial pain, change of periodontal ligament, mobility, tooth sensitivity,fractured teeth and fillings, earache, headache, tightness of jaw muscle, chewed tissue on the inside of your cheek,impact on the esthetic appearance of a smile. There have been many clinical approaches to the treatment ofbruxism. These can be categorized as acute, preventive and chronic management of bruxism, based on patientâ€™ssigns and symptoms. In the case of acute symptoms with patients experiencing pain, pharmaco-therapeutics may berequired. Meanwhile, if tooth wear is present an occlusal splint and stress management are recommended. Dentistsand health professionals should be aware of increasing the phenomenon of bruxism.
- Ahlberg K. Self-reported bruxism. 2008 [Dissertation]. Department of Stomatognathic Physiology and Prosthetic Dentistry. Institute of
- Dentistry Faculty of Medicine. Helsinki: University of Helsinki. http://oa.doria.fi/bitstream/handle/10024/39664. Diakses pada 17 April 2010.
- Lavigne GJ, Khoury S, Abe S, Yamaguchi T, Raphael K. Bruxism physiology and pathology: an overview for clinicians. J Oral Rehabil 2008; 35:476-94.
- Gloroa AG. Incidence ofdiurnal and nocturnal bruxism. J Prosthet Dent 1981; 45(5): 545-9.
- Lavigne GJ, Montplaisir Jy. Restless legs syndrome and sleep bruxism: prevalence and associationamong Canadians. Sleep 1994; 17(8): 739-43.
- The Glossary of Prosthodontic Terms. J Prosthet Dent 2005; 94:10-92.
- Kato T, Saber M, Rompre PH, Montplaisir JY, Lavigne GJ. Relationship among slow activity (SWA), microaurosal (MA) and sleep bruxism (SB). J Dent Res 2003; 82(B):B-316 No. 2446.
- Michelotti A, Farella M, Gallo LM, Veltri A, Palla S, Martma R. Effect of occlusal interference on habitual activity of human masseter. J Dent Res
- ; 84:644-8.
- Graf H. Bruxism. Dent Clin North Am 1969; 13: 659-65.
- Lavigne GJ, Rompre PH, Montplaisir JY. Sleep bruxism: validity of clinical research diagnostic criteria in a controlled polysomnographic study. J Dent Res 1996; 75:546-52.
- Lobbezoo F, Neije M. Bruxism is mainly regulated centrally not peripherally. J Oral Rehabil 2001;28:1085-91.
- Hublin C, Kaprio J. Genetic aspect and geneticepidemiology of parasomnia. Sleep Med Rev 2003;7:413-21.
- Ohayon MM, Li KK, Guilleminault C. Risk factorsfor sleep bruxism in the general population. Chest2001; 119: 53-61.
- Manfredini D, landi N, Tognini F, Montagnani G,Brosco M. Psyhic and occlusal factors in bruxism.Aust Dent J 2004; 49:84-9.
- Niemi PM, Alanen P, KylmÃ¤lÃ¤ M, JÃ¤msÃ¤ T, AlanenP. Psychological factors and responses to artificial interferences in subjects with and without a history of temporomandibular disorder. Acta Odontol
- Scand 2006; 64:300-5.
- Luther F. TMD and occlusion part II. Damned if we dont? Functional occlusal problems: TMD epidemiology in a wilder context. Br Dent J 2007;13:202(1):1-6.
- Kato T, Rompre P, Montplaisir JY, Sessle BJ, Lavigne GJ. Sleep bruxism an oromotor activity secondary to microaurosal. J Dent Res 2001;80(10):1940-2.
- Lavigne GJ, Huynh N, Kato T, Okura K, Yao D. Genesis of sleep bruxism: otor and autonomiccardiacinteraction. Arch Oral Biol 2007; 52:36181.
- Lobbezoo F, Soucy JP, harman NG, Montplaisir JY, Lavigne GJ. Effects of the dopamine D2 receptor agonist bromocriptine on sleep bruxism: report of two singe-patient Clinical trial. J Dent Res 1997;
- Kato T, Montplaisir JY, Guitard F, Sessle BJ, Lund JP, Lavigne GJ. Evidence that experimentally induced sleep bruxism is a consequence of transient arousal. J Dent Res 2003; 82:284-8.
- Miyawaki S, Tanimoto Y, Araki Y, Katayama A, Imai M, Takano-Yamamoto T. Relationships among nocturnal jaw muscle activities, decreased wsophageal pH, and sleep position. Am J Dentofacial Orthop 2004; 126:615-9.
- Janal MN, Raphael KG, Klausner JJ, Teaford MF. The role of tooth-grinding in the maintenance of myofacial face pain: a test of alternative models. Pain Med 2007; 8:468-96.
- Marbach J, Raphael G, Dohrendwend P, Lennon C. The validity of tooth grinding measures: etiology of pain dysfunction syndrome revisited. J Am Dent Assoc 1990; 120:327-33.
- Lavigne GJ, Kato T, Kolta A, Sessle BJ. Neurobiological mechanism involved in sleep bruxism. Crit Rev Oral Biol Med 2003; 14:30-46.
- Sri Wendari AH, dkk: Bruksisma
- Lavigne GJ, Khoury S, Abe S, Yamaguchi T, Raphael K. Bruxism physiology and pathology: an overview for clinicians. J Oral Rehab 2008; 35:47694.
- Aloe F. Sleep bruxism treatment. Sleep Sci 2008;2:49-54.
- Pierce LJ, Gale EN. A comparison of differenttreatments for nocturnal bruxism. J Dent Res 1998;67:597-601.
- Lobbezoo F, Rompre PH, Soucy JP, Iafrancesco C,Turkewicz J, Montplaisir JY, et al. Lack ofassociation between occlusal-cephalometric
- measures side imbalance in striatal D2 receptors binding in sleep-related oromotor activities. J Orofac Pain 2001; 15:64-71.
- Widmalm SE. Use and abuse of bite splints. School of Dentistry University Michigan. http://sitemaker.umich.edu/widmalm/files/usebuseps.pdf. Diakses pada 17 April 2010.
- Kemp T, Edman G, Bader G, Tagadae T, Karlsson S. Personality traits in a group of subject with standing bruxism behaviour. J Oral Rehabil 1997;24:588-93.
- Svensson P, Jadadi F, Arima Tboad-Hansen L, Sessle BJ. Relationships between craniofacial pain and bruxism. J Oral Rehabil 2008; 35:524-47.
- Macaluso F, Gurra P, DiGiovanni G, Bosseli M, Parino L, Terzano MG. Sleep bruxism is a disorder related to periodic arousal during sleep. J Dent Res 1998; 77(4):565-73.
How to Cite
Hartono, S. W. A., Rusminah, N., & Adenan, A. (2011). Bruksisma Bruxism. Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Science, 10(3), 184–189. https://doi.org/10.15562/jdmfs.v10i3.282