A Systematic Review

Bruksisma Bruxism

Sri Wendari A. Hartono , Nunung Rusminah, Aprillia Adenan

Sri Wendari A. Hartono
Bagian Periodonsia Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi, Universitas Padjadjaran Bandung, Indonesia. Email: jdmfs.fkgunhas@gmail.com

Nunung Rusminah
Bagian Periodonsia Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi, Universitas Padjadjaran Bandung, Indonesia

Aprillia Adenan
Bagian Prostodonsia Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi, Universitas Padjadjaran Bandung, Indonesia
Online First: October 30, 2011 | Cite this Article
Hartono, S., Rusminah, N., Adenan, A. 2011. Bruksisma Bruxism. Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Science 10(3): 184-189.


This paper reviewed of bruxism phenomenon that refers to the grinding or clenching of the teeth during awake or
night sleep. The prevalence of bruxism decreases with age from 14-18% in childhood, 8% of adult population and
3% in the elderly. According to the existing literature, two groups of proposed etiological factors can be
distinguished: peripheral (morphological) and central (pathophysiological and psychological). At present, the
bruxism is more often thought to be regulated centrally, not peripherally. Signs and symptoms of bruxism such as
tooth wear/dental attrition, abfractions, orofacial pain, change of periodontal ligament, mobility, tooth sensitivity,
fractured teeth and fillings, earache, headache, tightness of jaw muscle, chewed tissue on the inside of your cheek,
impact on the esthetic appearance of a smile. There have been many clinical approaches to the treatment of
bruxism. These can be categorized as acute, preventive and chronic management of bruxism, based on patient’s
signs and symptoms. In the case of acute symptoms with patients experiencing pain, pharmaco-therapeutics may be
required. Meanwhile, if tooth wear is present an occlusal splint and stress management are recommended. Dentists
and health professionals should be aware of increasing the phenomenon of bruxism.

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