Original Article

A cross sectional study of nutritional status among a group of school children in relation with gingivitis and dental caries severity

Harun Achmad , Andi M. Adam, Anni Satria

Harun Achmad
Departement of Pediatric, Faculty of Dentistry, Hasanuddin University Makassar, Indonesia. Email: putrykhairunnisa26@gmail.com

Andi M. Adam
Department of Periodontic, Faculty of Dentistry, Hasanuddin University Makassar, Indonesia

Anni Satria
Faculty of Dentistry, Hasanuddin University Makassar, Indonesia
Online First: December 18, 2016 | Cite this Article
Achmad, H., Adam, A., Satria, A. 2016. A cross sectional study of nutritional status among a group of school children in relation with gingivitis and dental caries severity. Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Science 1(3): 150-154. DOI:10.15562/jdmfs.v1i3.307


To determine nutritional status among a school children of Barru Regency, South Sulawesi, Indonesia, in relation with gingivitis and dental caries severity. Cross-sectional study. A total of 127 school children in the age range of 9-12 years from Barru Regency were included in this study as a sample of simple random sampling. Nutritional status of children (BMI index), degree of gingival inflammation (using chi-square test statistic), and missing teeth (DMF-T index) were recorded. Additional information was collected using a questionnaire survey regarding knowledge about dental health, dietary habits, and oral health behaviors. The data were processed using the program Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). A group of who severe underweight (102 children), had higher odds for mild gingivitis (GI 79.4%) than others group of who has an ideal weight (16 children), had mild gingivitis (GI 62.5%). Children, who severe underweight, had higher odds for moderate caries (38.2%) than others group of who has an ideal weight, had moderate caries (18.8%). Based on chi-square test, there are correlation of nutritional status and dental caries severity (p=0.000<p=0.05). There is a relationship of nutritional status with gingivitis and dental caries severity among a school children.
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