Original Article

Pasta pembersih gigitiruan bunga rosella (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) menghambat pembentukan plak pada basis akrilik gigitiruan Denture cleanser paste of roselle flower (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) inhibits plak formation on acrylic denture base

Moh. Dharmautama , Edy Machmud, Abdullah Mugan Maruapey

Moh. Dharmautama
Bagian Prostodonsia Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Hasanuddin Makassar, Indonesia. Email: abdullahmugan@yahoo.com

Edy Machmud
Bagian Prostodonsia Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Hasanuddin Makassar, Indonesia

Abdullah Mugan Maruapey
Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Hasanuddin Makassar, Indonesia
Online First: February 28, 2013 | Cite this Article
Dharmautama, M., Machmud, E., Maruapey, A. 2013. Pasta pembersih gigitiruan bunga rosella (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) menghambat pembentukan plak pada basis akrilik gigitiruan Denture cleanser paste of roselle flower (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) inhibits plak formation on acrylic denture base. Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Science 12(1): 5-10.


Roselle is a traditional medicinal herb that commonly found in Indonesia. Its ingredients are flavonoids, citric acid,
malic acid, lactone, tartaric and antosian. Flavonoids are phenolic compounds that are fungistatic, fungisid and
bacteriostatic. Extract of roselle extract has been observed by in vitro inhibit the formation of plaque in oral cavity.
This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of pasta of roselle flowers as denture cleansers in inhibiting plaque
formation. Five acrylic full dentures and concentration of 2.5%, 5%, 7.5% and 10% denture cleansers pasta roselle
flowers were used. Plaque score was calculated before and after the denture used with an interval of one week. Data
were analyzed using one-way ANOVA and Wilcoxon rank test. Roselle flower toothpaste at a concentration of 2.5%,
5%, 7.5% and 10% significantly inhibited plaque formation and there was an effect of different concentrations of pasta
to the number of plaques (p<0.05). It was concluded that paste of roselle flowers as denture cleaning inhibit the
formation of plaque effectively with a minimum concentration was 2.5%, although the most effective concentration of
rosella flower paste as denture cleaning pastes was 10%

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