Original Article

Aktivitas antibakteri ekstrak terstandar akar sidaguri (S.rhombifolia) terhadap E. faecalis dan Actinomyces spp. Antibacterial activity of standardized extract of sidaguri root (S.rhombifolia) against E. faecalis and Actinomyces spp.

Maria Tanumihardja , Darmayana Darmayana, Nurhayati Natsir, Indrya K. Mattulada

Maria Tanumihardja
Bagian Konservasi Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Hasanuddin Makassar, Indonesia. Email: maria_tanumiharja@yahoo.com

Darmayana Darmayana
Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Hasanuddin Makassar, Indonesia

Nurhayati Natsir
Bagian Konservasi Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Hasanuddin Makassar, Indonesia

Indrya K. Mattulada
Bagian Konservasi Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Hasanuddin Makassar, Indonesia
Online First: June 30, 2013 | Cite this Article
Tanumihardja, M., Darmayana, D., Natsir, N., Mattulada, I. 2013. Aktivitas antibakteri ekstrak terstandar akar sidaguri (S.rhombifolia) terhadap E. faecalis dan Actinomyces spp. Antibacterial activity of standardized extract of sidaguri root (S.rhombifolia) against E. faecalis and Actinomyces spp.. Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Science 12(2): 90-94.


According to 2009 Indonesian Health Profile Data, pulp and periapical diseases were 8
th
of the 10 outpatients at
hospital. This situation tends to increase become the big of 7. Pulp and periapical diseases occur due to bacterial
infection in the pulp tissue. The bacteria are often found in the root canal, namely E. faecalis, and Actinomyces spp.
Various herbs commonly used by people to treat dental diseases, i.e. root sidaguri. However, sidaguri plants have not
been studied in the field of dentistry as an antibacterial. This study aimed to determine the effects of root sidaguri
against E. faecalis and Actinomyces spp. Inhibition test of ethanol extract of the roots sidaguri against E. faecalis and
Actinomyces spp. using agar diffusion method at concentrations of 5%, 10%, 15%, and 20% based on the
measurement of inhibition zone by each concentration. The greatest inhibition against E. faecalis was performed by
concentration of 20% (p<0.05), while no inhibition zone was found on Actinomyces spp. It was concluded that the
ethanol extract of the sidaguri roots was the most effective against E. faecalis at concentration of 20%, but not effective
at all against Actinomyces spp.

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