Original Article

Infusa bunga rosella (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.)sebagai obat kumur menurunkan jumlah plak pada mahkota akrilik Infusion of roselle flower (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.)as mouthwash decrease plaque on acrylic crown

Edy Machmud , Moh. Dharmautama, Erwin Sutono

Edy Machmud
Bagian Prostodonsia Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Hasanuddin Makassar, Indonesia. Email: Erwin.sutono@gmail.com

Moh. Dharmautama
Bagian Prostodonsia Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Hasanuddin Makassar, Indonesia

Erwin Sutono
Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Hasanuddin Makassar, Indonesia
Online First: October 30, 2013 | Cite this Article
Machmud, E., Dharmautama, M., Sutono, E. 2013. Infusa bunga rosella (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.)sebagai obat kumur menurunkan jumlah plak pada mahkota akrilik Infusion of roselle flower (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.)as mouthwash decrease plaque on acrylic crown. Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Science 12(3): 144-147.


An alternative treatment for extensive dental caries is using jacket crown. But this restoration could accumulate dental
plaque and can lead to gingivitis. Mouthwash is believed could reduce plaque. Nowadays, most of mouthwash in
market contains alcohol so that not all individuals can use it. For that reason, we need a free of alcohol mouthwash.
The use of medicinal plants from natural materials is increasingly widespread and will be a part of life. One type of
traditional medicinal plants are now widely consumed across the world is roselle flower (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.)because it cointains flavonoid that are fungistatic, fungicid, and bacteriostatic. This studywas aimed to determine the
effective concentration of roselle infusion ingredients to reduce the amount of plaque in acrylic crown. Five people
using acrylic crown were asked to rinse using 4 concentration of roselle infusion and distilled water as control for 30
seconds, with time interval 1 week for each concentration. Examination of the amount of plaque was performed before
and after rinsing. The results showed that mouthwash made from roselle infusion is able to reduce the amount of
plaque in acrylic crowns (P<0.05). It was concluded that concentration of 20% roselle mouthwash effectively reducing
the number of plaques at acrylic crown.

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