Original Article

Thequantity of Streptococcus mutancolonyin breastfeedandformula milk infant (Jumlah koloni Streptococcus mutan pada bayi peminum air susu ibu dan peminum susu formula)

Ridhayani Hatta , Hendrastuti Handayani

Ridhayani Hatta
Faculty of Dentistry Hasanuddin University Makassar, Indonesia. Email: ridhayani.hatta@gmail.com

Hendrastuti Handayani
Department of Pedodontic Faculty of Dentistry Hasanuddin University Makassar, Indonesia
Online First: June 30, 2014 | Cite this Article
Hatta, R., Handayani, H. 2014. Thequantity of Streptococcus mutancolonyin breastfeedandformula milk infant (Jumlah koloni Streptococcus mutan pada bayi peminum air susu ibu dan peminum susu formula). Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Science 13(2): 106-112. DOI:10.15562/jdmfs.v13i2.398


Caries in infant was influenced by their substrat. Substrats are the primary source of energy in bacterial colonising
process in oral cavity. Streptococcus mutans are especially the main cause of tooth decay. For 1-year-old infant the
primary nutritions are generally from breast milk or formula milk. This study was aimed to determine the different
numbers of bacterial colonizations of S.mutan found in breast-fed infants from those found in formula milk. This
observational-analytics study used cross sectional study design was carried out to 60 infants who fulfil the inclution
criteria of simple random sampling method,30 infants in each group from Integrated Health Centre in Kelurahan Antang
,
and the bactery on the saliva was evaluated in Microbiology Laboratory of Medical Faculty Hasanuddin University. Each
parent was given questionnaire which to asks the things related with this research and microbial screening was taken
from saliva of 1-year old infant. The number of bacterial colonizations for S.mutans in breastfeeding group shows mean
value 19.7 CFU/ml while the formula milk group was about 37.97 CFU/ml, so the consumptions of breast milk and
formula milk in 1-year old infant show the significantly different number of bacterial colonizations of S.mutans in. It
was concluded that colonization of S.mutans in breastfeeding group lower than formula milk group.

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