Original Article

Perubahan morfologi gigi permanen akibat bruksisma (Morphological changes of permanent teeth due to bruxism)

Asmawati Asmawati , Bahruddin Thalib, Rudin Tamril

Asmawati Asmawati
Bagian Oral Biologi Fakultas Kedokteran gigi Universitas Hasanuddin Makassar, Indonesia. Email: asmaamin68@yahoo.com

Bahruddin Thalib
Bagian Prostodonsia Fakultas Kedokteran gigi Universitas Hasanuddin Makassar, Indonesia

Rudin Tamril
Fakultas Kedokteran gigi Universitas Hasanuddin Makassar, Indonesia
Online First: June 30, 2014 | Cite this Article
Asmawati, A., Thalib, B., Tamril, R. 2014. Perubahan morfologi gigi permanen akibat bruksisma (Morphological changes of permanent teeth due to bruxism). Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Science 13(2): 117-121. DOI:10.15562/jdmfs.v13i2.400


Grinding or clenching teeth during sleep or unconsciously called bruxism. Bruxism is a bad habit that is occured in
almost people, from children to adults. Bruxism closely related to changes in tooth morphology due to erosion of tooth
surfaces
, especially on the occlusal area. This study aimed to determine the morphological changes of permanent teeth
due to bruxism. By using the method of observational analytic and cross-sectional design, the sample set in adults who
experience bruxismas many as 69 samples; 23 samples do bruxismand 46 samples do not do bruxism. The results showed
that the morphological changes on occlusal and incisal surfaces of the teeth in 78.3% of samples undergo bruxism, and
samples do not undergo morphological changes as much as 21.7%. 6.5% of samples who did bruxism had dental
morphology changes, and the prevalence is higher in men than women. With the chi-square test, it is known that there
is significant effect (p<0.05) of bruxism on morphological changes of permanent teeth. It was concluded that bruxism
affect the morphological changes of permanent teeth.

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