Original Article

Identifikasi bakteri pada saluran akar gigi dengan diagnosis periodontitis apikalis kronis (Identification of bacteria in dental root canal diagnosed with chronic apicalis periodontitis)

Yeyen Sutasmi , Nurhayati Natsir

Yeyen Sutasmi
Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Hasanuddin Makassar, Indonesia. Email: yeyensutasmi@gmail.com

Nurhayati Natsir
Bagian Konservasi Gigi Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Hasanuddin Makassar, Indonesia
Online First: October 30, 2014 | Cite this Article
Sutasmi, Y., Natsir, N. 2014. Identifikasi bakteri pada saluran akar gigi dengan diagnosis periodontitis apikalis kronis (Identification of bacteria in dental root canal diagnosed with chronic apicalis periodontitis). Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Science 13(3): 182-185. DOI:10.15562/jdmfs.v13i3.412


Chronic apical periodontitis is one of common periapical diseases. Inflammation in the periapical tissue is caused by
bacteria from the root canal necrotic. If the tooth is not treated, the infection can progress to periapical region causing
chronic apical periodontitis. The variety of bacteria can be found in root canal with chronic apical periodontitis. This
study aims to determine the type of bacteria in chronic apical periodontitis
. Samples were obtained from fifteen patients
with teeth that have chronic apical periodontitis in the Department of Conservative Dentistry in Dental Hospital of
Hasanuddin University
. Bacteria collected from a sample specimen using paper points which were inserted into the root
canal. Subsequent, bacterial specimens identified in the Medical Microbiology Laboratory of the Medical Faculty,
Hasanuddin University. This study found seven different types of bacteria with varying percentages. Type of Grampositive

facultative anaerobic bacteria Streptococcus spp. is the most dominant bacteria found in the root canal with
chronic apical periodontitis. This study concluded that the dominant bacteria in the root canals with chronic apical
periodontitis were Streptococcus spp.

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