Original Article

Manifestasi klinis tipe kandidiasis oral pada penderita AIDS di Rumah Sakit Dr Wahidin Sudirohusodo, Makassar (Clinical manifestations of oral candidiasis types in AIDS patients at Dr Wahidin Sudirohusodo Hospital, Makassar)

Sumintarti Sumintarti , Andi Rasdiana S

Sumintarti Sumintarti
Bagian Ilmu Penyakit Mulut Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Hasanuddin Makassar, Indonesia. Email: miensugiharto@yahoo.co.id

Andi Rasdiana S
Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Hasanuddin Makassar, Indonesia
Online First: October 30, 2014 | Cite this Article
Sumintarti, S., S, A. 2014. Manifestasi klinis tipe kandidiasis oral pada penderita AIDS di Rumah Sakit Dr Wahidin Sudirohusodo, Makassar (Clinical manifestations of oral candidiasis types in AIDS patients at Dr Wahidin Sudirohusodo Hospital, Makassar). Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Science 13(3): 186-189. DOI:10.15562/jdmfs.v13i3.413


Oral candidiasis is one of clinical manifestations in aquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients. This condition
is a common opportunistic infection of the oral cavity caused by an overgrowth of Candida spesies
. The clinical types of
oral candidiasis are erythematous or atropic
, pseudomembranous, hyperplastic or chronic, and angular cheilitis. AIDS is
group of symptoms that resulting from infection of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This case is associated with the
decreasing of CD4 count. The aimof this study was to know the types of oral candidiasis on AIDS patients at Dr Wahidin
Sudirohusodo Hospital. This observational study
with a cross-sectional design examined 30 patients with AIDS who
suffered from
oral candidiasis, to determine its type after the diagnosis had confirmed by culture test. Their CD4 cell
count taken fromtheir medical records. The result showed that Pseudomembranous candidiasis were found to be higher
(76.7%), that was followed by angular cheilitis (23.3%), hyperplastic (16.7%), and erythematous (6.7%). They were
showed showed CD4 T cell count <200 cells/mm
3
(63.3%). From this study, it was concluded that pseudomembranous
candidiasis is the most common type and showed that CD4 T cell count <200cells/mm
from the AIDS patients.

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