Original Article

Evaluasi perkembangan lengkungrahanganaksebelum dansesudah penggunaan pirantiortodontiklepasan (Evaluation of the jaw arch development in children before and after using removable orthodontic appliance)

Sherly Horax , Asnidar Asnidar

Sherly Horax
Bagian Ilmu Kedokteran Gigi Anak Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Hasanuddin Makassar, Indonesia. Email: sherly.unhas@gmail.com

Asnidar Asnidar
Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Hasanuddin Makassar, Indonesia
Online First: February 28, 2015 | Cite this Article
Horax, S., Asnidar, A. 2015. Evaluasi perkembangan lengkungrahanganaksebelum dansesudah penggunaan pirantiortodontiklepasan (Evaluation of the jaw arch development in children before and after using removable orthodontic appliance). Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Science 14(1): 15-18. DOI:10.15562/jdmfs.v14i1.419


Orthodontics is one science that evaluates the development and growth of the child masticatory system in order to
achieve a harmonious face shape and adequate chewing function. This study is aimed to evaluate the development of the
jaw arch in children before and after using removable orthodontic appliance through model of the patient's teeth in the
Dental Hospital, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Hasanuddin. At this descriptive observational study, sample met the
criteria as much as 33 models of patients aged 13-19 years old were measured by the Ponts, Kesling and Howes index.
According to Ponts Index, based on the width of the anterior arch, enlarged jaw72.7%and 15.1%decreases; while based
on the width of the posterior arch, enlarged jaw jaw 69.7% and 12.1% decreases. According to Kesling Index, based on
right jaw
, enlarged by 84.8%and9.1%smaller jaw; based on left jaw, enlarged by 87.8% and 6.1% smaller jaw.According
to Howes Index, interpremolar enlarged shrinking 75.8% and 21.2%. According to Howes Index, large apical base
enlarged shrinking 81.8% and 12.1%. It was concluded that the use of different removable orthodontic device affects the
development and growth of the child's jaw.

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