Comparison of efficacy rinsing with cocoa seed extract, green tea catechins extract and lime extract to salivary ph in children suffering ECC (Early Childhood Caries)
Objective: This study aims to determine whether 12.5% cocoa extract, green tea catechins 30% extract, or 40% lime extract are effective in changing saliva pH to become more alkaline and prevent against dental caries.Material and Methods: This study used purposive sampling with pretest/post-test control group design. The total sample group included 120 children who fulfilled the criteria. The control group, containing 30 children, was rinsed with distilled water while 90 children were divided into 3 intervention groups containing 30 children each. Each intervention group was treated with either a solution of 12.5% cocoa seed extract, a solution of 30% green tea catechins extract or a solution of 40% lime extract.Results: Using the Friedman Test, rinsing with distilled had no significant effect in changing the pH of saliva into normal alkaline conditions and preventing against dental caries. Significant changes the pH of saliva was found with 12.5% cocoa seed extract after the first 15 minutes resulting in alkaline or normal conditions for prevention of dental caries.Conclusion: The mouthwash solution containing 12.5% cocoa seed extract is most effective to change the pH of the saliva into alkaline and normal state in preventing dental caries.
- Zahara AM, Nur Ili MT, Yahya NA. Dietary habits and dental caries occurrence among young children: does the relationship still exist. Malay J Med & Health Sci 2013;9: 9-20.
- Kidd EAM, Joyston-Bechal S. Dasar-dasar karies penyakit dan penanggulanannya. Jakarta: EGC; 1991. p. 1-2, 8.
- Grewal H, Verma M, Kumar A. Prevalence of dental caries and treatment needs in the rural child population of Nainital District, Uttaranchal. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2009;27: 224-226.
- Widowati W, Akbar SH, Tin MH. Saliva pH changes in patients with high and low caries risk after consuming organic (sucrose) and non-organic (maltitol) sugar. Int Med J Malay 2013;12: 15-21.
- Illahi G, Tamril R, Samad R. Concentration of total protein and degree of acidity (pH) of saliva when fasting and after breakfasting. J Dentomaxillofac Sci 2016;1: 36-38
- Selviani Y, MasÂ’ud N, Fitri A, etal. Inorganic component of saliva during fasting and after fast break. J Dentomaxillofac Sci 2016;1: 125-128
- Sambow SC, Abidjulu J, Gunawan P. Gambaran pH saliva anak-anak madrasah ibtidaiyah darul istiqamah bailing. PAAI 2014;2: 1-7.
- Purnamasari DA, Munadzhiroh E, Yogiartono RM. Konsentrasi ekstrak biji kakao sebagai material alam dalam menghambat pertumbuhan streptococcus mutans. Jurnal PDGI 2010;59: 14-15, 17.
- Palwankar P, Gopal L, Verma A. Green tea a magical herbal therapy. Int J Oral Health Dentistry 2015;1: 16-19.
- Carmen C, Reyes A, Rafael G. Beneficial effects of green tea-a review. 2006;25: 79-99.
- Fajriani, Mahrum. Effectiveness of lime (citrus aurantifolia) extract solution inhibiting bacteria Streptococcus mutans case of early childhood caries. DJDOH 2015;1: 17.
How to Cite
Fajriani, F., & Yusriyanti, M. (2018). Comparison of efficacy rinsing with cocoa seed extract, green tea catechins extract and lime extract to salivary ph in children suffering ECC (Early Childhood Caries). Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Science, 3(1), 20–23. https://doi.org/10.15562/jdmfs.v3i1.633