Original Article

The effect of topical application red betel (piper crocatum) leaf gel on clinical attachment level to repair patient with chronic periodontitis

Herryawan Herryawan

Herryawan Herryawan
Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Medicine, Jenderal Achmad Yani University, Cimahi, Indonesia. Email: herryawan@lecture.unjani.ac.id
Online First: December 01, 2017 | Cite this Article
Herryawan, H. 2017. The effect of topical application red betel (piper crocatum) leaf gel on clinical attachment level to repair patient with chronic periodontitis. Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Science 2(3): 160-163. DOI:10.15562/jdmfs.v2i3.649


Objective: The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of red betel (piper crocatum) leaf gel as adjunctive therapy of scaling and root planning to the clinical attachment level (CAL) repair in the treatment of chronic periodontitis.

Material and Methods: This study was conducted using randomized control trial, single-blind, split mouth method before and after treatment. There were 18 patients of chronic periodontitis; aged 30-62 years participated in the study. During the study, the jaws of the subjects were divided into 2 sides for test and control. Although both sides were treated for scaling and root planning, the side for the test was given additional topical application of red betel leaf gel. The evaluation of CAL was performed 1 month after the treatment. The data were statistically analyzed using the paired t test for comparison before and after treatment on each side and the unpaired t test to compare the test and control side.

Results: Improvement of CAL in the test side is better than the control side, while distobuccal test side showed the greatest improvement by 31.4%.

Conclusion: Topical application of red betel leaf gel in patients with chronic periodontitis can increase the clinical attachment level.

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