A Systematic Review

A comparative study of connective tissue graft and platelet rich-fibrin in the treatment of gingival recession using coronally advanced flap: a systematic review

Arni I. Djais , Rahma Medikawaty

Arni I. Djais
Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia. Email: irawaty.arni@yahoo.co.id

Rahma Medikawaty
Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia
Online First: December 01, 2018 | Cite this Article
Djais, A., Medikawaty, R. 2018. A comparative study of connective tissue graft and platelet rich-fibrin in the treatment of gingival recession using coronally advanced flap: a systematic review. Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Science 3(3): 132-135. DOI:10.15562/jdmfs.v3i3.743


Objective: To compare the effects of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) and connective tissue graft (CTG) in gingival recession treatment using coronally advanced flap (CAF)

Methods: Electronic Pubmed, Wiley, and EMBASE searches were conducted to identify articles published in dental journals without any restrictions of publication date. Gingival recession depth (RD), keratinized tissue width (KTW), probing depth (PD), clinical attachment level (CAL) and % complete root coverage (CRC) were evaluated at baseline and 6 months. Patients with discomfort postsurgery was measured by comparing visual analog scale (VAS) scores. Manual searches of human clinical trial and related articles were performed afterward. There are 31 studies explained about this, but only 6 studies met the inclusion criteria

Results: The initial database search produced 221 titles. All articles were selected for full-text review. Six studies were selected for inclusion, with 88 patients as subjects. Most of the studies showed the decreased of RD, PD, CAL and the increased of KTW in both techniques at baseline and 6 months follow up. The percentage of CRC showed higher in CTG rather than PRF whereas VAS score showed lower in PRF group

Conclusion: Both PRF + CAF and CTG + CAF techniques are effective procedures in the treatment of gingival recession. The combination of CAF+CTG achieved a better result in root coverage however, PRF avoids a donor site, which means a major decrease in postoperative discomfort.

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