Original Article

Comparison of effectiveness disinfection of 2% glutaraldehyde and 4.8% chloroxylenol on tooth extraction instruments in the Department of Oral Maxillofacial and Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, University of North Sumatera

Ahyar Riza , Indra B. Siregar, Isnandar Isnandar, Bernard Bernard

Ahyar Riza
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, University of North Sumatera, Medan, Indonesia. Email: ahyar.riza@usu.ac.id

Indra B. Siregar
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, University of North Sumatera, Medan, Indonesia

Isnandar Isnandar
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, University of North Sumatera, Medan, Indonesia

Bernard Bernard
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, University of North Sumatera, Medan, Indonesia
Online First: December 01, 2018 | Cite this Article
Riza, A., Siregar, I., Isnandar, I., Bernard, B. 2018. Comparison of effectiveness disinfection of 2% glutaraldehyde and 4.8% chloroxylenol on tooth extraction instruments in the Department of Oral Maxillofacial and Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, University of North Sumatera. Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Science 3(3): 169-171. DOI:10.15562/jdmfs.v3i3.794


Objective: To compare disinfecting effectiveness of 2% glutaraldehyde and 4.8% chloroxylenol on tooth extraction instruments at the Department of Oral Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Sumatera Utara.

Material and Methods: This was an experimental study with post-test only control group design approach. Purposive technique is applied to collect samples which are lower molar extraction forceps. In this study, sample were divided into 2 groups and each consisting of 18 instruments. The treatment group was treated with 2% glutaraldehyde while the control group was treated with 4.8% chloroxylenol. Each instrument was pre-cleaned using a brush, water and soap for both groups underwent the disinfection process.

Results: The results were statistically analyzed using Mann-Whitney Test. The comparison between glutaraldehyde and chloroxylenol showed a significant difference to the total bacteria count on instrument after disinfection (p=0.014 < 0.05).

Conclusion: 2% glutaraldehyde was more effective than 4.8% chloroxylenol at disinfecting lower molar extraction forceps.

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