Original Article

The influence of thumb-sucking habit towards anterior open bite on Javanese girls aged 6-7 years-old in Ngaglik District, Sleman, Yogyakarta

Risa Miyarsih , Iwa Sutardjo, Al-Supartinah Al-Supartinah

Risa Miyarsih
Departement of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Email: risamiyarsih87@gmail.com

Iwa Sutardjo
Departement of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Al-Supartinah Al-Supartinah
Departement of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Online First: April 01, 2020 | Cite this Article
Miyarsih, R., Sutardjo, I., Al-Supartinah, A. 2020. The influence of thumb-sucking habit towards anterior open bite on Javanese girls aged 6-7 years-old in Ngaglik District, Sleman, Yogyakarta. Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Science 5(1): 45-47. DOI:10.15562/jdmfs.v5i1.987


Objective: Thumb sucking is one of the factors that can influence dentomaxillofacial changes. It is caused by several factors, including the child's inability to respond to external factors. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of thumb sucking towards dentomaxillofacial changes.

Material and Methods: The study was conducted with cross-sectional approach. The samples were Javanese girls aged 6-7 years who attended elementary school in Ngaglik district, Sleman, Yogyakarta. Samples were selected by selective random sampling, in which 22 children had thumb-sucking and 22 children without thumb-sucking as control group. Dental impressions were taken to measure overjet and overbite. The statistic test used in this study was Chi-Square test.

Result: Thumb-sucking has significant influence to dentomaxillofacial changes (X2=10.47; p<0.001).

Conclusion: Thumb-sucking has influence on dentomaxillofacial changes on Javanese girls aged 6-7 year-old in Ngaglik district, Sleman, Yogyakarta.

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