Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Science en-US <p>This work is licensed under a <a href="" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a>.</p> (Muhammad Ruslin) (Dr. Arul Kandasamy, PhD) Mon, 23 May 2022 08:11:01 +0000 OJS 60 Antibacterial Activity of Bangle Essential Oil (Zingiber montanum) Against Streptococcus mutans <div class="page" title="Page 1"><div class="layoutArea"><div class="column"><p><span>Introduction</span><span>: Dental caries is a cavity condition that affects almost half of Indonesians. The main cause of caries is </span><span>Streptococcus mutans</span><span>.<br /> </span><span>Objective: </span><span>This research was conducted to determine the potential of essential oil from bangle rhizome (</span><span>Zingiber montanum</span><span>) as an antibacterial against the growth of </span><span>Streptococcus mutans</span><span>. </span><span>Methods: </span><span>Tests are carried out using the diffusion method for the wells technique. In this study, eugenol was used as a positive control. Essential oil was diluted with acetone and obtained essential oil of bangle rhizome with a concentration of 3,12%, 6,25%, 12,5%, 25%, and 50%.<br /> </span><span>Results: </span><span>The results showed that essential oil from bangle rhizome succeeded in inhibiting the growth of </span><span>Streptococcus mutans </span><span>with the minimum inhibitory concentration 3,12% and with the optimal inhibitory concentration 50%.<br /> </span><span>Conclusion: </span><span>It is concluded from this research that essential oil from bangle rhizome is a strong, new natural antibacterial agent for </span><span>Streptococcus mutans</span><span>. There was a slight difference of antibacterial effectiveness between eugenol, as positive control, and essential oil from bangle rhizome on </span><span>Streptococcus mutans </span><span>bacterial growth observed from their inhibition zones. </span></p></div></div></div> Devina Ruth Sheylen Pardosi, Cicih B. Purnamasari, Swandari Paramita, Lilis A. Astuti, Masyhudi Masyhudi, Enos T. Arung Copyright (c) 2021 Devina Ruth Sheylen Pardosi Fri, 01 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Levels of salivary malondialdehyde In traumatic ulcer patients <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p><p><strong>Objective:</strong> Traumatic ulcers are oral mucosal lesions that are often encountered with the healing process of wounds involving inflammatory mediators and phagocytosis process. Phagocytosis can produce free radicals that the potential to cause cells damage and lipid peroxidation. Lipid peroxidation produce malondialdehyde (MDA) as end products. Saliva is a biological specimen can detect MDA level in oxidative stress condition. This study aims to analyse differences in levels of salivary MDA in traumatic ulcer participants compared to healthy individual subjects<strong>. </strong></p><p><strong>Material and Method: </strong>The research methods was cross sectional study. MDA levels measured in saliva of 50 subjects, aged 20-25 years. Traumatic ulcer lesion subjects and healthy individual without lesions would be taken unstimulated saliva samples. Salivary MDA levels determined with TBARs method. Data were analyzed statistically with Mann Whitney's test (p&lt;0,05).</p><p><strong>Results:</strong> Showed that there were differences in salivary MDA levels in traumatic ulcer participants compared to healthy individual subjects (p=0,0001). <strong></strong></p><p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Free radicals have been implicated in the pathogenesis of oral mucosal lesions, including traumatic ulcer. Increase in MDA levels in the saliva of participants may provide a biomarker for oxidative stress in oral mucosa disease.<strong></strong></p> Euis R. Yuslianti, Afifah B. Sutjiatmo, Rizka F. Muzaky, Mega Zhafarina, Achmad H. Radani Copyright (c) 2021 Euis Reni Yuslianti, Afifah B Sutjiatmo, Rizka Fadilla Muzaky, Mega Zhafarina, Achmad Hilmy Radani Fri, 01 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Antioxidant activity of red algae extract (rhodophyta) eucheuma spinosum with DPPH (2.2-diphenyl-1- picrylhydrazyl) method <p><strong>Objective: </strong>To determine the results of the antioxidant concentration of red algae extract (Rhodophyta) Eucheuema Spinosum.</p> <p><strong>Material and</strong> <strong>Methods:</strong> The type of research method used in this study is an experimental laboratory.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Antioxidant research results of red algae extract (Rhodophyta) Eucheuema Spinosum dry extract of ethanol fraction using DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1- picrylhydrazyl) method had IC50 values of 702,387 µg / mL and Vitamin C IC50 of 2,588 µg / mL. Antioxidant levels of Vitamin C are more substantial.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Antioxidants of red algae extract (Rhodophyta) Eucheuema Spinosum dry extract ethanol fraction IC50 value 702,387 µg / mL&nbsp;</p> Nurlindah Hamrun, Nursyamsi Djamaluddin, Irvina NA. Dahri Copyright (c) 2022 Nurlindah Hamrun, Nursyamsi Djamaluddin, Irvina NA. Dahri Fri, 01 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Socio-Demographic Relationship with the Prevalence of Dental Caries and Fissure Sealants in Pediatric Patients at the IKGA Section of the Baiturrahmah Hospital <em><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman'; font-size: small;"><span lang="EN-US">Diseases in the oral cavity can impact the quality of life of preschoolers. Parents play an important role in decision making related to oral health and this assessment also measures the parents' perceptions of oral health problems, including the symptoms of the disease itself, and how its treatment can affect their child's quality of </span></span></em><div class="WordSection1"><p><em><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman'; font-size: small;">sample examined  in  pediatric  patients.  at  the  IKGA  section  of  the Baiturrahmah Hospital. This type of research is  quantitative  with analytic descriptive method with cross sectional research design. The population was pediatric patients who visited the IKGA section of the Baiturrahmah Hospital in July 2020. Sampling in this study used the total sampling method, which means that all members of the population were sampled. The total sample in this study was the total dental caries and pit fissure treatment patients at the Paedodonti Department in September 2020. Data analysis was carried out using the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS version 18.0). Prevalence is shown as proportion and crude odds ratio (OR) with a confidence level (CI) of 95% were used to measure the strength of the association between variables. Proportions were compared by the Chi-Square test and continuous variables by the Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests. In general, the results of the study were divided into 2 categories, namely socio-demographic and oral health behavior. This category is obtained from the results of the hypothesis in each category. Especially in the category of oral health behavior, the overall result of the hypothesis is smaller than 0.05. This hypothesis shows that there is a relationship (correlation) between dental health behavior with the prevalence of dental caries and fissure sealants in pediatric patients in the IKGA section of Baiturrahmah Hospital.</span></em></p></div><strong><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman'; font-size: small;"><br clear="all" /></span></strong> Sri P. Utami, Niatul Umami Copyright (c) 2021 Sri Pandu Utami Fri, 01 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Bioactive Potential of Edel Cocoa Bean (Theobroma Cacao L) from Kedaton Jember: Cytotoxicity and Antioxidants Evaluation <p><strong>Objective: </strong>Kedaton, a small village located in Jember is well known as one of the largest edel cocoa producers in the world. The cocoa beans contain nutrients and numerous beneficial properties, one of them is flavonoids, that work as antioxidants that can be utilized in dentistry, particularly orthodontics. The use of plants for the treatment must be ensured as safe without any toxic properties. </p><p><strong>Material and Methods:</strong> This study use DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl-hydrazyl-hydrate) free radical method to evaluate antioxidant properties and MTT 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay to assess the fibroblast cell activity. </p><p><strong>Results:</strong> The fermented edel cocoa bean extract exhibited the IC<sub>50 </sub>value of 33.97 ppm and the unfermented edel cocoa bean extract that had the IC<sub>50</sub> value of 9.56 ppm. Both of them have very strong antioxidant activity. Fermented edel cocoa bean extract in concentrations of 1.56%, 3.125%, 6.25%, and 12.5%; as well as unfermented edel cocoa bean extract in concentrations of 1.56% and 3.125% did not have cytotoxic effects to fibroblasts. </p><p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The unfermented edel cocoa bean extracts have higher antioxidant activity compared to fermented ones. The fermented edel cocoa bean extracts did not have cytotoxic effect, meanwhile the unfermented edel cocoa bean extracts in concentrations of 6.25% and 12.5% have cytotoxic effect to fibroblasts. </p> Rina Sutjiatu, Leliana S. Devi, Dwi Prijatmoko, Herniyati Herniyati, Rudy Joealijanto, Erna Sulistyani, Bilqis P. Safitri, Nihla Fitriyani Copyright (c) 2021 Rina Sutjiatu Fri, 01 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Correlation of depression, anxiety and stress symptoms with xerostomia symptoms among medical and dentistry students in pre-clinical and clinical phase <p><strong>Objective:</strong> to observe whether symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress correlates with symptoms of xerostomia among medical and dentistry students.</p> <p><strong>Material and Methods:</strong> this was a cross-sectional study involving 772 medical and dentistry students in pre-clinical and clinical phase of Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia in January 2022. Chi-square test and Spearman correlation analysis were performed on the data that were obtained online via Google Form. DASS 21 questionnaire was used to identify symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress. Fox’ questionnaire was used to identify symptoms of xerostomia.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>There were mild but significant correlations between occurrence of depression (r=0.100; p=0.006), anxiety (r=0.118; p=0.001), and stress (r=0.096; p=0.008) symptoms with symptoms of xerostomia among medical and dentistry students. Xerostomia symptoms was significantly higher (p&lt;0.05) among dentistry students compared with medical students in both pre-clinical (64.9% vs 44.8%) and clinical (40.4% vs 27.7%) phase. In both pre-clinical and clinical phase, occurrence of depression and anxiety symptoms among medical students were not significantly different from dentistry students (p&lt;0.05). Moderate to severe stress tend to occur more among dentistry students (p&lt;0.05).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress correlates with symptoms of xerostomia among medical and dentistry students. <strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> Qushay U. Malinta, Anandha W. Yustika, Rasmidar Samad Copyright (c) 2022 Qushay U. Malinta, Anandha W. Yustika, Rasmidar Samad Fri, 01 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The Effect of Administration of Siamese Catfish (Pangasius hypophthalmus) Extract on Fibroblast Cells After Tooth Extraction in Wistar Rats <p><strong>Objective: </strong>The study aimed to determine the effect of administration of Siamese catfish extract orally on the number of fibroblast cells in wound healing after tooth extraction of Wistar rats.</p><p><strong>Material and Methods:</strong> This research was a true experimental laboratory with posttest only control group design. 24 male Wistar rat were divided into 6 groups. After the mandibular left incisor was extracted, rats in groups 1, 2, and 3 were given Siamese catfish extract and groups 4, 5, and 6 were given aquadest orally once a day. Groups 1 and 4 were treated for 3 days, groups 2 and 5 were treated for 5 days, and groups 3 and 6 were treated for 7 days, then the rats were euthanized and made histological preparations. Fibroblast cells were calculated using Image Raster software and analyzed using One Ways ANOVA and Post Hoc LSD tests.</p><p><strong>Results:</strong> The number of fibroblast cells increased on the 5th day and reached its peak on the 7th day. ANOVA test showed a significant difference in the mean of fibroblast number between the treatment and control groups (p&lt;0,05).<strong></strong></p><p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Administration of Siamese catfish extract orally can increase the number of fibroblast cells in wound healing after tooth extraction of Wistar rats. <strong></strong></p> Veny Larasati, Trisnawaty Trisnawaty, Angelina N. Ricardo Copyright (c) 2021 Veny Larasati Fri, 01 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Periodontitis correlated with increased ESR and platelet counts in Indonesians with type 2 diabetes mellitus <p>Background : Periodontitis increases systemic inflammation in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2). Platelet count may be increased in periodontitis. The increased systemic inflammation and platelet counts are considered risk factors for atherosclerosis. However, there was no study investigating the correlation between periodontitis and platelet counts in type 2 diabetes mellitus in Indonesians. </p><p>Objective: To assess the correlation between periodontitis, systemic inflammatory markers and platelet counts in Indonesian DM2 patients. <em></em></p><p>Methods: A full mouth periodontal examination including bleeding on probing, probing pocket depth, gingival recession, and plaque scores was performed in Indonesians DM2 in Dr. Sardjito Hospital, Yogyakarta. Indonesia. In addition, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), erythrocyte sedimentation rates (ESR), High sensitivity C reactive protein (Hs-CRP), peripheral blood counts, were assessed. To assess age, body mass index (BMI) education level, ethnicity, sex/gender, smoking, a standardized questionnaire was used and presented descriptively. In correlation and multiple linear regression analyses, it was assessed whether periodontitis operationalized with periodontal inflamed surface area (PISA) correlated with systemic inflammatory markers (Hs-CRP, ESR), HbA1c and peripheral blood counts (hemoglobin, leucocytes, erythrocytes, platelets, hematocrite) with 95% Confidence Interval.</p><p>Results: In 44 Indonesians treated for DM2, PISA was associated with ESR (r = 0.32; p&lt;0.05), and platelet count (r = 0.527; p &lt; 0.05). Plaque score and PISA were the predictors for platelet count (p&lt;0.05)</p><p>Conclusion: Periodontitis Is associated with increased the systemic inflammation marker Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR) and platelet counts in Indonesians DM2 and therefore may form an additional risk factor for atherosclerosis in these patients.</p> Hendri Susanto, Frank Abbas Copyright (c) 2022 Hendri - Susanto Fri, 01 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The Relationship Between Malocclusion, Bruxism, Clicking Sound and Hypertonus of Masseter Muscle In Austism Spectrum Disorders <p><strong>Abstract:                                                              </strong></p><p><strong>Objective:</strong> To determine the relationship between malocclusion, bruxism, clicking sound, and hypertonus masseter muscle in autism spectrum disorders.</p><p><strong>Methods:</strong> The study was conducted on 20 children of autism spectrum disorder at Prananda Autism Education Institute in Bandung. Examination was carried out on the sample to determine the type of malocclusion, the presence of bruxism, clicking sound, and hypertonus of masseter muscle.</p><p><strong>Results</strong>: The data obtained was processed to see the relationship of each variable. Statistical tests used Kendall's rank correlation and Spearman's rank correlation to see further interrelationships of significance between groups. The correlation value W = 0.58 with chi-square = 34,480 and p-value = 0,00000016 (p-value &lt;0.01) which was statistically significant.</p><p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The results showed significant relationship between malocclusion, bruxism, cliking sound and hypertonus of masseter muscle in autism spectrum disorders. However, there was no association between malocclusion with bruxism, malocclusion with clicking, malocclusion with hypertonus of masseter and bruxism with clicking. There was an association between bruxism and hypertonus of masseter.</p><p> </p> Lisda Damayanti, Calvin Atherton, Erna Kurnikasari, Inne S. Sasmita Copyright (c) 2022 Lisda Damayanti, Calvin Atherton, Erna Kurnikasari, Inne Suherna Sasmita Fri, 01 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Antibacterial effectivity of Coffee Bean Extract and Instant Coffee (Spray Drying) against Porphyromonas gingivalis <p><strong>Objective:</strong>This study aims to determine effectiveness of antibacterial of Coffee Bean Extract and Instant Coffee (Spray Drying) against <em>Porphyromonas gingivalis</em></p><p><strong>Material and Methods:</strong><strong> </strong>Dilution of coffee bean extract and instant coffee (spray drying) using the serial dilution method into several predetermined concentrations. Antibacterial activity using the disc diffusion method. The zone of inhibition was measured using a caliper<strong></strong></p><p><strong>Result: </strong>The results showed that the inhibition zone of coffee bean extract was greater than that of instant coffee (spray drying) against <em>Porphyromonas</em><em> gingivalis</em>.</p><p> </p><p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>The antibacterial of the coffee bean extract is more effective than instant coffe (spray drying) against <em>Porphyromonas gingivalis</em></p> Tantin Ermawati, Nazilatur Rohmah, Achmad Gunadi, Dessy Rachmawaty Copyright (c) 2022 Nazilatur Rohmah Fri, 01 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Increase in alp levels at odontoblast cell line after haruan (Channa striata) extract administration as remineralization material <p class="Default"><strong><span>Objective: </span></strong><span>To determine the effectiv</span><span lang="EN-ID">ity</span><span> of </span><span lang="EN-US">haruan</span><span> (Channa striata) extract</span><span> which added calcium hydroxide to ALP levels </span><span lang="EN-US">in </span><span>odontoblast cell line. </span><span lang="EN-US"> </span></p><p class="Default"><strong><span>Material and Methods: </span></strong><span>The study used a posttest only control group design. Odontoblast MDPC-23 cell line that has been distributed in 96-well microplates is divided into 8 groups. ALP levels were measured by ELISA reader. Data were analyzed statistically using ANOVA statistical test, followed by Bonferroni's post test.</span></p><p class="Default"><strong><span>Results:</span></strong><span lang="EN-US">The ALP level in the odontoblast cell line in haruan extract that added with calcium hydroxide increased compared to the control. At a concentration of 25 µg/ml = 208.37 µg/ml, a concentration of 50 µg/ml = 219.04 µg/ml, a concentration of 100 µg/ml = 282.93 µg/ml and differed significantly from the control group</span><span>.</span></p><p class="Default"><strong><span>Conclusion:</span></strong><span>The effect of </span><span lang="EN-US">haruan</span><span> extract added with calcium hydroxide can increase the ALP level </span><span lang="EN-US">in</span><span> odontoblast cell line as concentration</span><span lang="EN-ID"> increases</span><span>.</span></p> Juni J. Nugroho Copyright (c) 2022 Juni J. Nugroho Fri, 01 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 SECOND MOLAR SCISSOR BITE CORRECTION IN CLASS II MALOCCLUSION USING MINISCREW AND CROSS-ELASTIC <p><strong>A</strong><strong>bstr</strong><strong>a</strong><strong>ct</strong></p><p><strong>Objective</strong>: Scissor bite is one of the atypical findings that could be found in daily practice, especially in Class II malocclusion. The aim was to report second molar scissor bite correction using miniscrew and cross-elastic.</p><p><strong>Methods</strong>: A 20 years-old, female, had second molar scissor bite with Class II malocclusion. Extrusion and buccoversion of the upper left second molar were noted with lingual tipping of bilateral lower second molar. Deep bite and mild crowding were found with missing upper first premolar and lower anterior tooth gemination. A miniscrew was placed to intrude the extruded second molar, while additional cross-elastic was used to correct both upper and lower teeth position.</p><p><strong>Results</strong>: Combination of miniscrew and cross-elastic successfully correct second molar scissor bite in seven months through intrusion and palatal tipping of upper molar and uprighting of the lower molar. With a total treatment of twenty-three months, a good intercuspation was achieved with Class I canine, Class II molar relationship, and normal overjet and overbite</p><p><strong>Conclusion</strong>: The use of miniscrew with cross-elastic successfully correct second molar scissors bite in Class II malocclusion.</p><p> </p> Retno Widayati, Citra L. Yuwono Copyright (c) 2022 RETNO WIDAYATI Fri, 01 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 SURGICAL CROWN LENGTHENING: A CASE REPORT <p><strong>Objective</strong>: The concept of tooth lengthening was first to introduce by D. W. Cohen in 1962. This procedure often employs some combination of tissue reduction of removal, osseous surgery, and/or orthodontic movement for tooth exposure. The amount of tooth structure exposed above the osseous crest should be around 4-5 mm to provide a stable dentogingival complex and biological width to permit proper tooth preparation and a good marginal seal with retention for both provisional and final restoration. The present case report shows a surgical crown lengthening procedure as a treatment on a vertical crown fracture on a 47-years old woman.</p><p><strong>Methods</strong><strong>:</strong> A 47 years old woman come to periodontics department as referred by conservative dentistry department with a tooth fracture on the second upper right premolar. Intraoral examination shows a crown fracture reaches until under the cemento enamel junction area. Periapical radiograph shows non-hermetic obturation. No extra oral anomaly was found. The retreatment of the tooth was done by the conservative dentistry then the surgical crown lengthening was done after the retreatment and the final restoration was done 3 months post-operative.</p><p><strong>Results:</strong> Proper identification and analysis of the problem playing the main role to achieve a satisfying outcome. The position of the gingival tissue, alveolar bone height, and clinical crown length are the determinant factor for identifying the problem. The case discussed here were treated with a surgical crown lengthening as a purpose to avoid any violation to biological width that can have a various effect to the periodontium leading to gingival inflammation, loss of attachment and alveolar resorption</p><p><strong>Conclusion</strong>: There is a significant relationship between restorative dentistry and periodontal health. Predictable long-term successful restoration requires a good combination between the restorative principles and the correct management of the periodontal tissue.</p> Wilson Wilson, Martina Amalia, Brian Merchantara, Trimurni Abidin Copyright (c) 2022 wilson wilson, Martina Amalia, Brian Merchantara, Trimurni Abidin Fri, 01 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Solitary neurofibroma of the hard palate <p>Neurofibromas are benign tumors of the peripheral nerve sheath that unfrequently affect head and neck. They can be solitary when not associated with any syndrome or multiple if they are associated with autosomal dominant neurofibromatosis syndrome. They can also be classified as myxomatous (solid, central, diffuse) or plexiform (peripheral). Neurofibromas may be intra or extra-osseous. Most common extra-osseous oral sites are tongue, oral mucosa and lips. In the literature, few cases of solitary extra-osseous neurofibromas of the palate have been documented. In this article, we present the diagnosis and management of a neurofibroma of the palate.</p> Orsola Brucoli, Eleonora Rivetti, Paolo Boffano Copyright (c) 2022 Orsola Brucoli, Eleonora Rivetti, Paolo Boffano Fri, 01 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The Most Suitable Types of Obturator for Stomatognathic System Rehabilitation After Maxillofacial Surgery: a Systematic Review <p><strong>Abstract </strong></p><p><strong>Objective: </strong>To find out the best type of obturator in the rehabilitation of stomatognathic system in patients after maxillofacial surgery.</p><p><strong>Methods: </strong>Using MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) terms, an online search were conducted in PubMed database with keywords “maxillofacial surgery” and “obturator”. The search was limited to the articles that publish between 2013 to 2017. There are 74 journals found in initial search, but only 3 journals meet the inclusion criteria.</p><p><strong>Result:</strong> The database search yielded 74 references from PubMed. The titles and abstract were reviewed afterward, and 22 studies were eligible for further analysis. The full-texts been reviewed by the reviewer and yielded 3 articles which meet the inclusion criteria, with the total patients were 76 people. In those studies, they were using conventional obturator, cast partial obturator, hollow bulb obturator, magnet obturator, stud attachment retained obturator and implant supported obturator. Obturator Function Scale (OFS) was used in this review as guideline to compare those studies’ result.</p><p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>Stud Attachment retained obturator has the best OFS rating in terms of aesthetics, nasal leakage, speech enhancement, and chewing / eating.<strong></strong></p> Riezky Rhamdani, Irfan Dammar Copyright (c) 2019 Riezky Rhamdani Fri, 01 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000